Cosmic particle ignition of artificially ionized plasma patterns in the atmosphere
This invention is a method and apparatus for creating artificially ionized regions in the atmosphere utilizing ionization trails of cosmic rays and micro-meteors to ignite plasma patterns in electric field patterns formed by ground based electromagnetic wave radiators.
The applications are useful for telecommunications, weather control, lightning protection and defense applications.
The invention lowers the power requirements for forming artificial ionized regions in the atmosphere by a factor of up to 1600 times lower than those required in existing designs and projections for creation of artificial ionized regions in the atmosphere.
The electromagnetic wave radiator is a phased array antenna with multiple radiating elements for transmitting said electromagnetic waves through the air.
[A] plasma pattern is established above 10,000 meters for enhancing telecommunications signals in existing cell phone tower systems
[A] plasma pattern is established above 10,000 meters for a short haul telecommunications system
[A] plasma pattern is established above 30,000 meters for creating a city wide telecommunications system.
[A] plasma pattern with plasma patterns shaped like dual paraboloids are located in separate locations 1600 KM apart and at an altitude of over 80,000 meters for creating a long haul telecommunications system.
[The] heated air can be used to control weather.
[I]ndividual radiating elements are portable.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
This invention generally relates to generation of artificially ionized plasma patterns in the atmosphere and to lowering the cost and enhancing the reliability of applications such as telecommunications systems.
Various methods and apparatus have been suggested for creation of localized regions of ionized gas in the atmosphere for the purpose of communications enhancements and other purposes.
In particular, Eastlund in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,712,155, 4,686,605 and 5,038,664 suggested creation of an artificial ionospheric mirror using electron cyclotron resonance heating from directed electromagnetic waves of 1 to 10 Mhz from a large phased array antenna located in Alaska.
The power level required for such an operation was very large, over a billion watts.
Subsequent work by ARCO's then subsidiary APTI resulted in studies of the details of creation of such an ionized layer with a single phased array as described in Air Force Geophysics Laboratory Reports and in a Patent by Peter Koert.(U.S. Pat. No. 5,041,834)
These studies showed that the effective radiated power required (ERP) was above 160 to 170 DBW (Decibels per watt).
For a 500 meter diameter antenna that would require a signal level of 3×10ˆ8 watts and would require an expense in the 100's of millions of dollars.
The reason for the large power requirements is the high value of the electric field needed to “breakdown” the air and create an ionized region.
The objective of this invention is to provide a method and apparatus for economically and reliably generating artificially ionized plasma patterns in the air for a wide range of practical applications.
Telecommunications applications include enhancement of service quality in existing cellular networks, a short haul cellular system, a city wide cellular system, and a novel long haul communications system.
Weather control applications include a method of localized heating of the troposphere that can generate acoustic atmospheric waves or gravitational atmospheric waves for modification of the steering winds that influence weather phenomena.
Another application is to provide ionized plasma patterns that can influence the charge distribution in meso-cyclones and provide a novel means of lightening protection.
This invention is a method and apparatus that lowers the practical electric field for air breakdown by a factor of up to 40 and lowers the power required for producing artificial ionized regions in the air by a factor of up to 1600.
This difference is sufficient to make production of such artificial ionized regions practical with inexpensive and available power sources.
This lower power requirement makes concepts such as artificial ionospheric mirrors for communications practical.
Many other applications include a potential method of lightning protection and a new approach to modifying weather related phenomena.
Example of Phased Array- Pave Paw, Alaska: wikipedia.com
HAARP diagram: maysubdivide.com