Introduction


The Blanket Effect is intended for others to learn about weather modification and its related subjects in an easy to understand way. Started in 2005, this blog is a work in progress as the technology advances

January 16, 2008

Where Were You in '80

(the following is part two of a new series presented by The Blanket Effect, reporting on experimental barium spraying over areas including the continental United States. from the Defense Technical Information Center website . For all 7 in the series, click DTIC link)

Composition and Structure Measurements in an Ionospheric Barium Cloud

23 DEC 1981


A 48 kg barium payload was launched from Eglin Air Force Base, Florida on 12 December 1980 at 2311 GMT and detonated at 183.7 km.

At 2342:50.25 GMT, a second rocket, instrumented with an ion mass spectrometer and pulsed plasma probes, was fired to traverse the barium cloud.

Composition, ion density, and structure measurements were acquired up to 241.2 km in both the natural and disturbed ionosphere.
(image right of process, from QSPEC Technology)

The rocket penetrated the barium cloud between 147 and 184 km.

In addition to the Ba+, Ba++ produced by H Lyman alpha ionization, and Ca+, an impurity in the barium were detected in the cloud.
A peak barium ion concentration of about 6,000,000 ions cu cm was measured at 161 km where the ionospheric NO+ and O2+ ions were essentially eliminated by large recombination loss.

The bottom side of the barium cloud had a relatively smooth structure while the top side showed significant density fluctuations.

The first experimental evidence of a theoretically predicted E region 'image cloud' was found in the form of an enhanced NO+ layer just below the barium cloud. (image right of an enhanced aurora, from history.nasa.gov)



Unexplained wave-like density variations in O+, NO+, and O2(+) also were seen above the barium cloud to 195 km. (image left of energy density wave movement, from forum.physorg.com)



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