[WORLD BANK] PROJECT INFORMATION DOCUMENT
APPRAISAL STAGEThe Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Roshydromet) is charged by law with reducing loss of life and damage to the environment and economy that arises from weather events and climate. To meet its charter, RosHydromet monitors meteorological variables, hydrological variables, air and water quality, and soil characteristics.
HYDROMET MODERNIZATION PROJECT
It produces daily weather forecasts, flood and storm warnings, seasonal forecasts, drought monitoring reports, agrometeorological forecasts, projects of climate change, general ocean circulation models, and record of ambient pollution, among other products.
RosHydromet is also responsible for the Russian Federation's compliance with treaty obligations inherited from the Soviet Union.
In international agreements forged in the 1960s, the USSR accepted responsibility for a central role in the world network of meteorology that is coordinated by the United Nations' World Meteorological Organization.
As a result, the Moscow Global Meteorological Center (link is slow to load) is one of three worldwide centers that are charged with computing and distributing daily global forecasts to initialize the world's regional weather models, as well as developing new techniques in support of worldwide forecasting.
The capacity of RosHydromet to provide services to Russia and globally has steadily declined since the economic transition began. RosHydromet's decline has been associated with the overall deterioration of public sector performance, but has been marked even in that context, as RosHydromet found itself at the margin of Government interest, inadequately funded for staff salaries and unfunded for maintenance or new investments.
From 1994-2000, funding from the national budget ranged from 28% to 41% of what would be required for regular operations. As a result, RosHydromet's capacity to help prevent economic and human losses deteriorated.
Despite these issues, RosHydromet has managed to maintain its basic monitoring infrastructure in functioning condition, retain core technical expertise and staff, and protect its institutional integrity and traditions.
An important manifestation of this was the election in 2003 of Mr. A. Bedritsky, the Head of RosHydromet, as President of the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO).(image right of Mr. Bedritsky, from the Roshydromet site)
The proposed projects will be supported by and bilateral arrangements with the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States.
The US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has expressed interest in working with RosHydromet in project implementation, highlighting the importance of the Russian Federations' share in the global meterological effort.
A joint Memorandum of Understanding between NOAA and RosHydromet is under preparation and would provide a framework for a range of activities including those which are complementary to the WB project activities.
NOAA/National Weather Service (NWS) is interested in doing work on researching and improving hydrological and meteorological models. NOAA/NWS can provide technical support to development of the hydrometeorological network, establishment of the radars, procurement of hydrogen generators for the upper-air system, data rescue of archived data, and other issues.