The Blanket Effect is intended for others to learn about weather modification and its related subjects in an easy to understand way. Started in 2005, this blog is a work in progress as the technology advances

November 12, 2007

HAARP in Scandinavia

(note: Russia's newspaper PRAVDA hinted at the existence of a second HAARP type facility in Norway, and here is the proof. Excerpts and all images are from EISCAT's website)

EISCAT's Ionospheric Heating Facility

The Heating facility is situated next to the UHF and VHF incoherent scatter radars.

The Heater is used for ionospheric modification experiments applying high-power transmissions of high-frequency electro-magnetic waves to study plasma parameters in the ionosphere.

The name Heating stems from the fact that these high power electromagnetic waves, which are transmitted into the ionosphere with high-gain antennas, heat the electrons and thus modify the plasma state. To create plasma turbulence, the transmitted frequencies have to be close to the plasma resonances, which are 4 to 8 MHz.

The EISCAT Scientific Association is an international research organisation operating three incoherent scatter radar systems, at 931 MHz, 224 MHz and 500 MHz, in Northern Scandinavia.

It is funded and operated by the research councils of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Japan, France, the United Kingdom and Germany (collectively, the
EISCAT Associates). (image at left shows the basic method of Incoherent scatter used by EISCAT.

A signal leaves the transmitter antenna in Tromsø and is scattered back when it hits something. These weak signals are catched tristatically and can therefore be measured very precisely)

EISCAT (European Incoherent Scattter) studies the interaction between the Sun and the Earth as revealed by disturbances in the
magnetosphere and the ionised parts of the atmosphere (these interactions also give rise to the spectacular aurora, or Northern Lights).

The radars are operated in both Common and Special Programme
modes, depending on the particular research objective, and Special Programme time is accounted and distributed between the Associates according to rules which are published from time to time.

One EISCAT transmitter site is located close to the city of Tromsø, in Norway, and additional receiver stations are located in Sodankylä, Finland, and Kiruna, Sweden.

EISCAT Headquarters are also located in Kiruna. 1996 the EISCAT Scientific Association constructed a second incoherent scatter radar facility, the EISCAT Svalbard Radar, near Longyearbyen on the island of Spitsbergen, far to the North of the Norwegian mainland.

note: EISCAT: (European Incoherent Scattter)

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