Introduction


The Blanket Effect is intended for others to learn about weather modification and its related subjects in an easy to understand way. Started in 2005, this blog is a work in progress as the technology advances

November 20, 2007

The Concept of Ionization

(note: Below are excerpts from a research paper co-written by the CEO of ELAT Technologies)

ARTIFICIAL ATMOSPHERIC IONIZATION:

A Potential Window for Weather Modification (PDF)

Phillip Kauffman
Arquimedes Ruiz-ColumbiƩ

Introduction: Cosmic Rays and Cloud Processes

In 1997 Svensmark and Friis-Christensen reported a correlation between cosmic rays and cloud cover. They found that the observed variation of 3 – 4% of the global cloud cover during the recent solar cycle is strongly correlated with cosmic ray flux.

This was hailed by some as the key to the mystery of how the sun affected climate and produced climactic changes. It was also a confirmation of the long standing suspicion that cosmic rays were linked to global cloudiness.


Numerous articles followed studying the catalytic effects of ions from cosmic rays on micro-physical cloud processes and cloud cover.


Of particular interest is the observation from recent satellite data, that cosmic ray-cloud correlation is much more intense in low level clouds than in high level ones.


More cosmic rays correlate to more low level clouds (altitudes of less than 3 km) and lower temperatures.


Low clouds exert a large net cooling effect on the climate. Therefore, greater cosmic ray intensity translates to more cloud cover and cooler temperatures.


The link between global low cloud amounts and cosmic ray intensity has been published in the U.S. by Marsden and Lingenfelter who say: “The observed correlation between global low cloud amount and the flux of high energy cosmic rays supports the idea that ionization plays a crucial role in tropospheric cloud formation”. (above image from "Scientists Predict Big Solar Cycle"/NASA)

Cosmic ray flux variability is not limited to a solar cycle. Although the energy input from cosmic rays is tiny, as the dominant source of ionizing particle radiation, they have a profound effect on many atmospheric processes.


From those observations, it has been established that cosmic ray intensity declined about 15% during the 20th century, roughly about the same variation as the last solar cycle.


Hypothesis:
General Statement and Conceptual Model

Ions produced by direct current generators by corona effect will add to and enhance the catalyzing effects that cosmic ray ions are now known to produce in, among other things, lowering nucleation barriers, stimulating charged particle growth and stability and increasing the scavenging rate in clouds.


The injection of a large number of DC corona effect ions will induce changes in cloud microphysics and cloud cover and, consequently modifications in weather conditions.

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