(note: Dr. Edward Teller's research paper on weather modification is geared towards the scientific community, so below are original paragraphs separated with a simplified 'translation' for each, for the non-scientifically trained readers among us. Opinions expressed are of The Blanket Effect Editor's and not necessarily of the original authors -editor)
ACTIVE CLIMATE STABILIZATION:
(abstract and introduction)
Practical Physics-Based Approaches to Prevention of Climate Change
Edward Teller, Roderick Hyde, Lowell Wood
Prepared for invited presentation at the National Academy of Engineering Symposium Complements to Kyoto:
Technologies for Controlling CO2 Emissions,
National Academy of Sciences, 2101 Constitution Avenue NW,
Washington DC 20007,
23-24 April 2002.
We offer a case for active technical management of the radiative forcing of the
temperatures of the Earth’s fluid envelopes, rather than administrative management of atmospheric greenhouse gas inputs, in order to stabilize both the global- and timeaveraged climate and its mesoscale features.
(translation: "We have a plan to physically change Earth's temperatures to keep the temperatures stable instead of trying to get industry and countries to stop polluting")
We suggest that active management of radiative forcing entails negligible – indeed, likely strongly negative – economic costs and environmental impacts, and thus best complies with the pertinent mandate of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. We propose that such approaches be swiftly evaluated in sub-scale in the course of an intensive international program.
(translation: "We think that our plan is much cheaper and 'safer' than others out there and it fits with the UN rules, but we've gotta hurry")
It’s not generally realized that the Earth’s seasonally-averaged climate is colder now that it’s been 99% of the time since complex life on Earth got seriously underway with the Cambrian Explosion, 545 million years ago.
(translation: "Not many people know that it's actually colder now than it's been for most of Earth's history")
Similarly, it’s not widely appreciated that atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide – CO2 – are only very loosely correlated with average climatic conditions over this extended interval of geologic time, in that it’s been much colder with substantially higher ai concentrations of CO2 and also much warmer with substantially lower atmospheric levels of CO2 than at present; indeed, the CO2 level in the air is observed in the geologic record to be one of the weaker
determinants of globally- and season-averaged temperature.
(translation: "Air pollution isn't the main reason why there is global warming")
If, all of this thoughtfully considered, one wishes to maintain global climate at its current temperature level– or at the somewhat higher value characterizing the Holocene Optimum several thousand years ago, or at that lower value of the Little Ice Age of three centuries ago, or at any other reasonable level –then purposeful modification of the basic radiative properties of the Earth – active management of the radiative forcing of the temperature profiles of the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans by the Sun – is an obvious gambit. Indeed, it’s likely the most overall practical approach to this particular issue.
(translation: "If you want things to stay the same, you're going to have to do some things, and our plan is the most practical to date")
The remainder of this presentation will be concerned with how best to effect – to actively manage – the desired changes in radiative forcing of the fluid envelopes of the Earth.
(translation: "So, next we're going to explain our plan")
“Best” will be determined from considerations of practicality, e.g., the economic efficiency commanded by the UN Framework Convention, as well as minimal interference with human activities, aesthetic considerations, collateral effects, etc.
(translation: "When we use the term 'best', we're talking about the financial angle, though other things figure in too")
There is certainly no pretense that there is some absolute or utterly objective means of determining this practicality; rather, the range of examples given are merely illustrative of what might be accomplished in the very near term, how much it might cost, and what some of its more obvious ‘externalities’ might be.
(translation: "Sure it will cost a lot of money, but if we do it soon this is how it would work")